Insurance and socioeconomic status as well as race/ethnicity seem to influence whether a child is diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a new data brief from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).
Among children 6 to 17 years old, the prevalence of ADHD was highest among non-Hispanic white children (11.5%) and lowest among Hispanic children (6.3%). The prevalence was
8.9% in non-Hispanic black children.
Among all age groups, prevalence was highest among children with public insurance (11.7%) and lowest among those without insurance (5.7%). Among children with
private insurance, the prevalence of diagnosed ADHD was 8.6%.
Among children aged 4 to 11 years, the prevalence of diagnosed ADHD was higher for children with family income less than 200% of the federal poverty threshold than for
children with family income at 200% or more of the poverty threshold (10.4% vs 8.8%).
This report adds to existing research by examining the relationship between selected demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and diagnosed ADHD in children.
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